It’s that little bottle that sits on your table, counter or stovetop.
Maybe it’s from Tiffany’s, maybe it’s from the clearance aisle of Target – no matter where it’s from that shaker holds the same thing – salt. A staple in pretty much everyone’s diet, this ingredient masquerades as a simple table seasoning, but it’s actually the main player in one of American’s on-going health battles.
While sodium levels have been a hot topic in the health world for a while now, recent news puts it back in the spotlight again. The FDA's new guidelines issued recently aim to reduce the average adult's daily salt intake by one-third, from 3,400mg (a number which is already almost 50% more than recommended) to 2,300mg. The guidelines pertain to packaged and processed foods, as well as big chain restaurants. And in New York City, an appeals court ruled that the city can enforce a rule making chain restaurants put warning icons on menu items with more than 2,300mg of salt.
While 2,300mg might seem like a hefty serving, it’s just about the equivalent of a teaspoon. And just what dangers lurk in that microscopic serving? Besides the obvious increased water weight, excess salt can lead to high blood pressure and hypertension. Big problems from a little “seasoning.”
So cut it out!
Be a Salt Scout
This fact’s going to be a trip – only about 10% of the salt we consume comes from our own salt shakers and the amount we put in our own cooking. A whopping 80% comes from the processed and fast “convenience” foods that we all inevitably end up relying on sometimes.
Since tons of salt comes from the preservatives and sauces that make fast food possible, going to a restaurant with fresher food and product obviously will spare you some salt, but you still won’t be able to see for sure just how much goes in.
In case you need any more convincing, check out all the places salt can sneak up on you:
• 1 packet dried onion soup = 3,100 mg
• 1 cup chicken noodle soup = 639 mg
• 1 cup tomato sauce = 1,284 mg
• 1 Tbsp soy sauce = 902 mg
• 1 serving jalapeño cheese sauce = 571 mg
• 1 cup turkey gravy = 1,373 mg
• 1 hot dog = 487 mg
• 3 slices bacon = 439 mg
• 1 can pink salmon = 2,515 mg
• 1 cup vegetable juice cocktail = 653 mg
• 1 cup tomato juice = 654 mg
• 1 cup sauerkraut = 939 mg
• 1 Tbsp capers = 255 mg
• 5 canned olives = 192 mg
• 1 frozen chicken pot pie = 2,078 mg
• 1 rice and chicken stir fry = 632 mg
• 1 piece frozen fish = 332 mg
• 1 McDonald's Egg McMuffin = 850 mg
• 1 Subway Cold Cut Combo = 1,550 mg
Shake It and Make It
When you cook at home you control just how much salt goes into your food. And this doesn’t mean that you cut all the salt – and flavor – out, it just means you can get more creative with your seasonings. Fresh herbs bulk up the flavor of your dishes, and you can find bottled seasonings other than salt to amp up flavor, but keep sodium content low, like FlavorGod Seasonings. Or polish off the plate with a squeeze of fresh lemon, which will brighten most flavors beautifully.
As far as the pre-made products you buy, always go for the low-sodium options, like chicken stock and soy sauce. However keep in mind that even the low-sodium version of soy sauce still contains about 575mg of sodium for a tablespoon. Instead of packaged noodles, rice and other pre-made mixes, put together your own starchy sides yourself. Then you can slim them down however you want, starting with the salt.
When preparing your foods, remember that you can always add salt but you can’t take it away. Avoid including too much salt in your cooking, instead go for salt-free seasoning and if you absolutely need a little more you can throw on a pat or two from the table shaker (but I bet you won’t really need it). Remember that all condiments have salt in them – even ketchup. And also, kosher and sea salt might seem like a more natural option, but they both have just as much sodium as regular table salt.
First It’s Salty, Then It’s Sweet
Not only does salt cause problems all on its own, it also has a knack for making you crave sweet. There’s a reason those table-top dessert menus feature gloriously alluring images of their confectionary offerings – it’s exactly what you’re craving after a heaping plate of salty food. Even the seemingly innocent salt on the rim of a (not so innocent) margarita will probably cause you to crave more sugary, sweet concoctions – add that with lowered inhibitions and you’ve got a problem. Start your salt intake later in the day and you’ll hold off your sweet cravings as well.
For some, cutting out salt might seem like a food nightmare. So start slow – start by not adding it on top of anything at the table, then in your cooking and so on. Chances are you won’t even miss it and food might start tasting TOO salty after awhile!